Sunday, April 7, 2019

Crim 101 Notes Essay Example for Free

Crim 101 Notes EssayWhat is criminology? A social science studying abomination and related phenomenon such as law making, execrable behavior, victimization and punishment Discipline of criminology is a new-made development Most ideas and concepts we now have about crime and criminals emerged over last 2 or 3 centuries Modern criminology is multi-disciplinary (inter-disciplinary) Influenced by sociology, psychology, and biologyThe fascination with crime Crime is popular topic for newspapers, TV shows , books and movies There is little relationship between crime news and actual amount of crimes Media focus originally on violent crimes, even though such crimes forms yet smart part of all criminal activity Appears as though police solve more crimes and arrest more cirminals than they do in reality The appeal of crime stories and crime newsCrime related stories are often hammy and lurid Deal with moral questions of good vs evil Criminals appear in stories as insane or dangerous psy chopaths Stories happen in short time span- between newscasts or newspaper editions Easy for the world to understand Felsons 10 fallacies about crime Book 1. the dramatic Fallacy o oblige ratings high, media seek strange/violent incidents to report/create dramas around murder makes up less than 1% of all crime, yet from watching TV or reading the papers, it seems like a commonplace events seems that al almost murders are well-planned, grisly affairs, or they happen solely by random chance in fact, most murders start as arguments that escalate into violence most crimes are relatively minor property crimesActus Reus a real event, in which somebody has committed or failed to commit an act b. Men Rea criminal function you must have the intent to commit the act c. No legal defense or defense d. Must be contrary to a provision of criminal law Crime as normative violation pictures Mala in Se Mala in se something bad or evil in itself Laws that criminalise acts most societies and cultures agree are inherently wrong, e. g. , murder and incest Mala ProhibitaMala prohibita something that is deemed to be wrong or criminal only because it is prohibited Acts where there might be considerable disagreement from society to society re their integrity Concensus vs. conflicy * consensus * conflict * rescript as a functional organism * Society and social transformation root in social conflict * Norms/expectations based on shared values/interests * Society not perfect or natural. But forced upon us * Those who are different (e. g. ,criminals) are deemed to be abnormal * Society/laws based on values and interests of those with the power

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